Ukraine

OVERVIEW

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine has been in the process of international political and economic integration. The swift privatisation and economic liberalisation that has occurred within Ukraine has created stark income inequalities, and women have been particularly impoverished and politically excluded; a contrast to the policies that were implemented by the Soviet Union. Because of rising inequalities, and anger with a seemingly corrupt political system, two coloured revolutions have recently erupted in Ukraine. A drawn out war in the East of the country, the Donbass conflict, has been the result of these, as separatist’s battle government forces. The further decimation of social services due to austerity measures, and the increased militarisation of society, has further entrenched women’s economic and political exclusion.

STRENGTH OF GENDER PROVISIONS

Minsk Agreement I – 2014

0
None
1
Weakest
2 3 4 5
Strongest
Human Rights
Development
Post-Conflict Issues
Violence Against Women
Participation
General

Minsk Agreement II – 2015

0
None
1
Weakest
2 3 4 5
Strongest
Human Rights
Development
Post-Conflict Issues
Violence Against Women
Participation
General

WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION:
KEY CONSTRAINTS AND ENABLERS

Constraints

  1. Widespread political corruption
  2. Austerity measures reducing social services, jobs & subsidies
  3. Militarisation of society

Enablers

  1. Historically high female political representation
  2. Women’s involvement in military forces
  3. Strong women’s civil society